The title of “National Master” (NM) is awarded by some national chess federations.
These titles are not recognized by FIDE, and each federation is free to set its own standards for them.
The criteria for “Master” titles vary from country to country, but they are typically based on factors such as achieving a certain rating (usually around 2200 Elo), meeting the required number of tournament performances (“norms”) at a certain level, or performing well in the country’s national championship.
A norm is a performance rating achieved in a competition against other titled players. They are calculated based on your performance rating and the average rating of your opponents.
In the United States, the United States Chess Federation (USCF) awards the title of National Master to anyone who achieves a USCF rating of 2200.
Additionally, the title of Senior Master is awarded to anyone who achieves a USCF rating of 2400 and meets certain performance-based norms during tournament play.
See the way Tani, a rising chess star got the title of national master.
To improve your rating and work towards NM norms and requirements:
- You need to play and win regularly in chess federation-rated tournaments. Here is an example of the US federation upcoming chess tournaments.
- Study master games and learn from the stronger opponents you face.
- Work with a chess coach or look for feedback on your games to address weaknesses.
- Solve tactical puzzles and puzzles to keep your mind sharp.
- Stay active in the chess community to find the best events and training opportunities.
While becoming an NM is challenging, with dedication it is an achievable goal.
Keep practicing, study hard, compete often, and don’t get discouraged if it takes time.
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