How To Set Up A Chess Board?


One of the most crucial things for a chess newbie to understand is how to set up a chess board properly. Studying how to set up a chess board should be no different than learning individual piece moves for a beginner.

How to set up a chess board
How to set up a chess board. Image by Rafael Javier from Pixabay

The chess board includes 64 squares, with “light” and “dark” squares alternated. The horizontal rows are referred to as “ranks,” and they are numbered from 1 to 8. The letters a through h are assigned to the vertical columns, which are referred to as “files.”

Based on the rank and file to which the square belongs, each square on the chess board already has a notation. The b4 square, for example, is a square on the fourth rank and second row.

Check Out: How Many Squares Are On A Chess Board: Is it 64 or not?

To begin, White normally arranges his pieces on the first and second ranks, while Black arranges them on the seventh and eighth ranks. A line of eight pawns on solitary squares makes up the second and seventh ranks. Chess pieces such as bishops, knights, rooks, queen, and King make up the first and eighth ranks, respectively.

Setting Up The ChessBoard

Squares are on a chess board
A complete tournament chess board.

Each side has eight pawns, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, a queen, and a king in the starting position. The pawns and knights are the only pieces on either side that can move at first.

Here is the manner in which chess pieces are arranged on the first and eighth rank: From left to right, we have Rook, Knight, Bishop, Queen, King, Bishop, Knight, Rook while we can find only pawns on the second and seventh rank.

The following guidelines may assist you in remembering and confirming the location of the pieces:

1. Ensuring that the square in the bottom right-hand is a light-colored square is crucial.

2. One knight is placed next to each rook, whether the pieces are white or black.

3. The white queen goes on the white square, while the black queen goes on the dark square. The white king is placed on a dark square, whereas the black king is positioned on a light square. This is how to set up a chess board.

When Is A Game Said To Be Over?

White and Black continue to alternate until one of the following outcomes is reached:

A.The king of one of the players is checkmated. When this occurs, that player is said to have lost the game.

B. If one player runs out of time in a competitive game, that player loses the game.

C. One of the players resigns, thereby quitting the game. On either his or his opponent’s turn, a player may quit. The resigning player frequently represents this by knocking down his king.

D. The player whose turn it is is in a stalemate, which means he can’t make a valid move and isn’t in check. The game is a drawn one.

E. The players agree that the game will be drawn. Upon conclusion of his move, either player may offer his opponent a draw. The game is drawn if the offer is accepted. Offers made in a draw cannot be withdrawn.

F. Neither player has enough pieces to checkmate the other in any lawful sequence of moves. For example, pitting a king and a lone Knight against the opposing king can’t possibly result in a checkmate, hence the game is called a draw.

G. Each player has made 50 moves since a piece was captured or a pawn moved, resulting in a draw.

Check Out All you need to know about Pawns in Chess.

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