What is Material Advantage in Chess?
Material refers to the number of pieces and pawns on the board. An advantage in chess refers to a situation where you have an edge over your opponent. It could be more time, a better position or you are a piece up.
There are different types of advantages to play for in chess before you finally win the game, among them is the material advantage. Most grandmasters resign when they fall behind in material, even if it’s just a piece, since they understand the value of extra material. They know their chances to beat another grandmaster whilst being a piece behind is almost zero.
However, if you’re not playing a grandmaster or other masters category, you should play on because there is a high chance that they will make a mistake that you can exploit. The player with more material can gain control by forcing the opponent’s pieces into defensive positions and then using the extra material to attack new targets
in chess, the first objective is the aim to win material.
The great Bobby Fischer believed this to be called material objective. To focus on winning material because the player with more pieces can gain control by using their extra forces to attack more targets than what the opponent can defend.
Understanding the relative value and point value of pieces will help to achieve your material objective.
The point value is the average value of each piece in any position, this is the numeric value of each piece that you already know, the relative value of chess pieces, on the other hand, depends on the position of the pieces on the board.
For example, it is said that a knight in the center of the board is worth more than 3 point as it is able to attack more pieces there. Material superiority isn’t the only factor that determines who has an advantage, but it is often the most important one.
Other advantages include:
Positional advantage: Positional Advantages are a little more challenging to recognize and quantify. Positional Advantage generally refers to having your pieces on the most optimal squares, but it may also refer to your opponent’s pieces being placed on bad squares.
Tactical advantage: Tactical advantages are even harder to identify. A tactical advantage usually refers to a small window of opportunity in which you can take Advantage of your opponent’s places where pieces are placed. More often than not, this comes in the form of forcing the win of material.
Space advantage: Space is also easy to recognize. Having a space advantage means you have more squares to place your pieces. This is obtained by having pawns extended forward and controlling squares in your opponent’s camp and preventing them from doing the same to you.
Time advantage: Time advantage is easy to recognize. When you have more time than your opponent, you can evaluate moves longer and find the best move more often.
Developmental advantage: Developmental Advantage refers to having your pieces off the back rank and on more active squares. This advantage can be obtained in the opening but slowly diminishes as the game continues and all pieces are developed or captured.
To identify why someone is better, you’ll need to know the various advantages that you can obtain in a chess game. Chess advantages come in material advantages, positional advantages, tactical advantages, time advantages, space advantages, and development advantages.
So, how can knowing what advantages exist improve your game? Before you move a piece, you should always consider — Does this move give me an advantage? If it doesn’t, look for another move that will.
Learning how to study chess requires you to make the most of every move you are given. If a move gains multiple advantages, it’s more likely a better move than a move that gives you only one advantage. To find a winning edge, you must be looking for it.
Now that you have an answer to the question of “what is material advantage in chess?”, check out How To Capture The Queen In Chess: The Ultimate Chess Hack